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Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo
versión On-line ISSN 1806-9657
CORREIA, Fabio Veríssimo; LANGENBACH, Tomaz y CAMPOS, Tácio Mauro. Evaluation of atrazine transport in soils under different agricultural managements. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2010, vol.34, n.2, pp.525-534. ISSN 1806-9657. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832010000200026.
The scarcity of information on pesticide transport in tropical soils under no-tillage is disproportional to the relevance of knowledge in the evaluation of the risk of soil and ground water contamination. The experiments simulated strong rains with continuous water flow using a new method for simultaneous advection, diffusion and sorption measurement, representing pesticide transport along the different studied soil layers. Results showed no correlation between soil permeability and atrazine leaching. The ten times higher permeability in no-tillage (NT) and natural soils (SN) than in the conventional system (CS) and subsurface soil (SUB) indicated that advection occurs predominantly by preferential flow through macropores that are destroyed by tilling in the conventional system. The leaching under continuous flow representing strong rains was higher under NT than in the CS, opposite to reports in literature of field experiments with intermittent rain, stating lower leaching under NT than CS. The contamination risk of ground water is therefore not only determined by the management system but also by the intensive pluviometric conditions in the tropics, tending to increase in the scenario of climate changes.
Palabras clave : pesticides; contamination; no tillage.