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Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

On-line version ISSN 1806-9657

Abstract

COELHO, Fabrício Silva et al. Nitrogen rate associated with yield of potato and leaf nitrogen indices. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2010, vol.34, n.4, pp.1175-1183. ISSN 1806-9657.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832010000400017.

Nitrogen has strong impact on potato yield and its effects on plants can be evaluated by specific nutritional diagnostic techniques. The objective of this work was to determine the optimum economical N rate for tuber yield and to estimate the critical value of plant N indices in leaf of two potatoes cultivars. The experiment had a 4x2 factorial in a completely randomized block design with four replications, with four N levels (0, 100, 200 e 400 kg ha-1 of N, pre-planting applied as urea) and two potato cultivars (Ágata e Asterix), from April to June 2008. SPAD reading values, nitrogen and chlorophyll contents were determined in the fourth leaf from the apex 21 days after plant emergence. Marketable tuber yield of Ágata and Asterix increased up to 45,065 e 46,500 kg ha-1 as N rates increased up to 297 and 250 kg ha-1 for Agata and Asterix, respectively. The maximum economic efficiency rate of these cultivars was 290 and 245 kg ha-1 of N, respectively. For both cultivars, the N effect on SPAD values, nitrogen and chlorophyll contents were positive and significant. Critical values were 40.5 and 43.7 for SPAD readings, 66.7 and 75.2 g kg-1 for leaf N concentration, and 6.13 and 6.96 mg g-1 for total leaf chlorophyll contents, respectively, for Agata and Asterix. The SPAD reading values correlated with the values of extractable total chlorophyll in the fourth leaf and potato tuber yields at the final harvest, indicating the possibility of using SPAD measurement at 21 days after plant emergence to prognostic final potato tuber yield.

Keywords : Solanum tuberosum L.; nitrogen fertilization; N content; SPAD index.

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