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Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

versão On-line ISSN 1806-9657

Resumo

BALDOTTO, Marihus Altoé et al. Redox index of soil carbon stability. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2010, vol.34, n.5, pp.1543-1551. ISSN 1806-9657.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832010000500007.

As an alternative to the relatively complex and expensive spectroscopic methods, the redox properties of humic acids, determined by potentiometric titrations, have been used to evaluate the stability of soil organic C. The objective of the present study was to establish a Redox Index of C Stability (RICS) and to correlate it with some properties of the humic acids extracted from different modal soils in Brazil (distinct weathering stages or management) to facilitate system comparison. The RICS was efficient for soil comparison and variations were comparable to those of the chemical and spectroscopic methods used for humic acid characterization. The values of soil pH, point of zero salt effect, sum of bases, exchangeable Ca content, weathering index, as well as the humic acid O/C ratio, quinone and semiquinone free radical contents, aromatic C and fluorescence intensity were closely related with the RICS. The RICS was higher in less weathered soils, with more active clays and higher fertility. The RICS values of soils under long-term sugarcane management were ranked in decreasing order: unburned, burned with vinasse, burned without vinasse.

Palavras-chave : soil chemistry; soil organic matter; humic substances; oxidation capacity.

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