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Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

versão On-line ISSN 1806-9657

Resumo

CARMONA, Felipe de Campos; ANGHINONI, Ibanor; HOLZSCHUH, Marquel Jonas  e  ANDRIGHETTI, Marcelo Hoerbe. Cation dynamics in soils with different salinity levels growing irrigated rice . Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2010, vol.34, n.6, pp.1851-1863. ISSN 1806-9657.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832010000600009.

Salinity levels in soils of the Outer Coastal Plain of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, can be high, due to excess of Na in the irrigation water, evapotranspiration and soil development from marine sediments. The cultivation of irrigated rice could be an alternative, since ion uptake as well as leaching by the establishment of a water layer could mitigate the effects of soil salinity. This study aimed to evaluate the dynamics of basic cations in the solution of Albaqualf soils with different salinity levels growing irrigated rice. The plow layer contained exchangeable Na percentages (ESP) of 5.6, 9.0, 21.2 and 32.7 %. The plant stand, dry matter, Na, K and Ca + Mg uptake at full flowering and grain yield were evaluated. The levels of Na, K, Ca + Mg and electrical conductivity (EC) in the soil solution were also measured weekly during the rice cycle at four soil depths, in the water layer and irrigation water. The Na, K and Ca + Mg uptake by rice at full flowering was used to estimate ion depletion from the layer under root influence. Soil salinity induced a reduction in the rice stand, especially in the soil with ESP of 32.7 %, resulting in lower cation uptake and very low yield at that site. As observed in the water layer and irrigation water, the Na, K, Ca + Mg and EC levels in the soil solution decreased with time at depths of 5, 10 and 20 cm, regardless of the original soil salinity, showing that cation dynamics in the plow layer was determined by leaching and root uptake, rather than by the effect of evapoconcentration of basic cations in the soil surface layer.

Palavras-chave : exchangeable sodium percentage; potassium; calcium; magnesium; electrical conductivity.

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