SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.35 número2Os custos da erosão do soloClassificação de horizontes diagnósticos em níveis hierárquicos inferiores com base nas frações húmicas índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Journal

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

Compartilhar


Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

versão On-line ISSN 1806-9657

Resumo

BENEDETTI, Udine Garcia et al. Genesis, chemistry and mineralogy of soils derived from Plio-Pleistocene sediments and from volcanic rocks in Roraima North Amazonia. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2011, vol.35, n.2, pp.299-312. ISSN 1806-9657.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832011000200002.

The influence of parent material, varying from Plio-Pleistocene sediments and basic volcanics, and topographic position, to soil genesis, was studied in a topolitossequence typical of savanna at the Cauamé River catchment, Roraima. We aimed to describe the soil variability under savanna by means of chemical, physical and mineralogical attributes. Fourteen soil profiles were described and samples, allowing the identification of the following classes: Yellow Latosol, Red Latosol, Yellow and Red-Yellow Argisols, Plinthosols, Gleisols, Fluvic Neosols and Vertisols. The mineralogy was determined by DRX. The pedogenetical processes and soil characteristics were closely related with topographical-hydrological variation and underlying lithology. Soils derived from pre-weathered sediments of the Boa Vista Formation are generally of low fertility, with high acidity and kaolinite mineralogy and low Fe-oxides contents. Soils developed from Basalt or under the influence of alluvia with mafic contribution all showed high base saturation (eutric) and clay mineralogy with the presence of 2:1 clays, with varying amounts of kaolinite. The occurrence of Vertisols, degraded carbonatic nodules and eutric soils under savanna indicate Quaternary drier paleoclimates in this part of north Amazonia, during which carbonates were formed in the lower horizons of Vertisols, in closed depressions.

Palavras-chave : Amazon soils; Amazon paleoclimates; savanna soils; late Quaternary semi-arid soils.

        · resumo em Português     · texto em Português     · Português ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons