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Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

On-line version ISSN 1806-9657

Abstract

SILVA, Alexandre Christofaro et al. Root growth of tomato seedlings intensified by humic substances from peat bogs. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2011, vol.35, n.5, pp.1609-1617. ISSN 1806-9657.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832011000500015.

Peats are an important reserve of humified carbon in terrestrial ecosystems. The interest in the use of humic substances as plant growth promoters is continuously increasing. The objective of this study was to evaluate the bioactivity of alkaline soluble humic substances (HS), humic (HA) and fulvic acids (FA) isolated from peats with different decomposition stages of organic matter (sapric, fibric and hemic) in the Serra do Espinhaço Meridional, state of Minas Gerais. Dose-response curves were established for the number of lateral roots growing from the main plant axis of tomato seedlings. The bioactivity of HA was greatest (highest response in lateral roots at lowest concentration) while FA did not intensify root growth. Both HS and HA stimulated root hair formation. At low concentrations, HS and HA induced root hair formation near the root cap, a typical hormonal imbalance effect in plants. Transgenic tomato with reporter gene DR5::GUS allowed the observation that the auxin-related signalling pathway was involved in root growth promotion by HA.

Keywords : physiological effects; bioactivity.

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