Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo
On-line version ISSN 1806-9657
ROSE, Juliana Lundgren; MAHLER, Cláudio Fernando and IZZO, Ronaldo Luis dos Santos. Comparison of the methane oxidation rate in four media. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2012, vol.36, n.3, pp.803-812. ISSN 1806-9657. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832012000300011.
Landfill gas emissions are one of the main sources of anthropogenic methane (CH4), a major greenhouse gas. In this paper, an economically attractive alternative to minimize greenhouse gas emissions from municipal solid waste landfills was sought. This alternative consists in special biofilters as landfill covers with oxidative capacity in the presence of CH4. To improve the quality/cost ratio of the project, compost was chosen as one of the cover substrates and soil (Typic red yellow-silt-clay Podzolic) as the other. The performance of four substrates was studied in laboratory experiments: municipal solid waste (MSW) compost, soil, and two soil-compost at different proportions. This study aimed to evaluate the suitability and environmental compatibility as a means of CH4 oxidation in biofilters. Four biofilters were constructed in 60 cm PVC tubes with an internal diameter of 10 cm. Each filter contained 2.3 L of oxidizing substrate at the beginning of the experiment. The gas used was a mixture of CH4 and air introduced at the bottom of each biofilter, at a flow of 150 mL min-1, by a flow meter. One hundred days after the beginning of the experiment, the best biofilter was the MSW compost with an oxidation rate of 990 g m-3 day-1 , corresponding to an efficiency of 44 %. It can be concluded that the four substrates studied have satisfactory oxidative capacity, and the substrates can be used advantageously as cover substrate of MSW landfills.
Keywords : Methane oxidation; biofilter; municipal solid waste compost; solid waste landfill cover; case study.