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Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo
Print version ISSN 0100-0683
FERNANDES, Flavia Carvalho da Silva and LIBARDI, Paulo Leonel. Distribution of Nitrogen Ammonium Sulfate (15N) soil-plant system in a no-tillage crop succession. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2012, vol.36, n.3, pp. 885-894. ISSN 0100-0683. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832012000300019.
The N use by maize (Zea mays, L.) is affected by N-fertilizer levels. This study was conducted using a sandy-clay texture soil (Hapludox) to evaluate the efficiency of N use by maize in a crop succession, based on 15N-labeled ammonium sulfate (5.5 atom %) at different rates, and to assess the residual fertilizer effect in two no-tillage succession crops (signalgrass and corn). Two maize crops were evaluated, the first in the growing season 2006, the second in 2007, and brachiaria in the second growing season. The treatments consisted of N rates of 60, 120 and 180 kg ha-1 in the form of labeled 15N ammonium sulfate. This fertilizer was applied in previously defined subplots, only to the first maize crop (growing season 2006). The variables total accumulated N; fertilizer-derived N in corn plants and pasture; fertilizer-derived N in the soil; and recovery of fertilizer-N by plants and soil were evaluated. The highest uptake of fertilizer N by corn was observed after application of 120 kg ha-1 N and the residual effect of N fertilizer on subsequent corn and Brachiaria was highest after application of 180 kg ha-1 N. After the crop succession, soil N recovery was 32, 23 and 27 % for the respective applications of 60, 120 and 180 kg ha-1 N.
Keywords : nitrogen use efficiency; residual effect; brachiaria; N rates; maize.