Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo
Print version ISSN 0100-0683
BACK, Álvaro José; OLIVEIRA, José Luiz Rocha and HENN, Alan. Duration-frequency relationships of heavy rainfall in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2012, vol.36, n.3, pp. 1015-1022. ISSN 0100-0683. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832012000300031.
The purpose of this study was to adjust equations that establish relationships between rainfall events with different duration and data from weather stations in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. In this study, the relationships between different duration heavy rainfalls from 13 weather stations of Santa Catarina were analyzed. From series of maximum annual rainfalls, and using the Gumbel-Chow distribution, the maximum rainfall for durations between 5 min and 24 h were estimated considering return periods from 2 to 100 years. The data fit to the Gumbel-Chow model was verified by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test at 5 % significance. The coefficients of Bell's equation were adjusted to estimate the relationship between rainfall duration t (min) and the return period T (y) in relation to the maximum rainfall with a duration of 1 hour and a 10 year return period. Likewise, the coefficients of Bell's equation were adjusted based on the maximum rainfall with a duration of 1 day and a 10 year return period. The results showed that these relationships are viable to estimate short-duration rainfall events at locations where there are no rainfall records.
Keywords : design rainfall; hydrology; drainage.