SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.36 número6Atributos bioquímicos e químicos do solo rizosférico e não rizosférico de culturas em rotação no sistema de semeadura diretaEmissões de N2O de um chernossolo cultivado: o tempo ideal do dia para amostragem e papel da temperatura do solo índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Journal

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

Compartilhar


Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

versão On-line ISSN 1806-9657

Resumo

BONILHA, Rodolfo Martins; CASAGRANDE, José Carlos; SOARES, Marcio Roberto  e  REIS-DUARTE, Rose Mary. Characterization of the soil fertility and root system of restinga forests. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2012, vol.36, n.6, pp.1804-1813. ISSN 1806-9657.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832012000600014.

The Restinga vegetation consists of a mosaic of plant communities, which are defined by the characteristics of the substrates, resulting from the type and age of the depositional processes. This mosaic complex of vegetation types comprises restinga forest in advanced (high restinga) and medium regeneration stages (low restinga), each with particular differentiating vegetation characteristics. The climate along the coast is tropical (Köppen). Of all ecosystems of the Atlantic Forest, Restinga is the most fragile and susceptible to anthropic disturbances. Plants respond to soil characteristics with physiological and morphological modifications, resulting in changes in the architecture (spatial configuration) of the root system. The purpose of this study was to characterize the soil fertility of high and low restinga forests, by chemical and physical parameters, and its relation to the root system distribution in the soil profile. Four locations were studied: (1) Ilha Anchieta State Park, Ubatuba; (2) two Ecological Stations of Jureia-Itatins and of Chauás, in the municipality of Iguape; (3) Vila de Pedrinhas in the municipality of Ilha Comprida; and (4) Ilha do Cardoso State Park, Cananeia. The soil fertility (chemical and physical properties) was analyzed in the layers 0-5, 0-10, 0-20, 20-40 and 40-60 cm. In addition, the distribution of the root system in the soil profile was evaluated, using digital images and the Spring program. It was concluded that the root system of all vegetation types studied is restricted to the surface layers, 0-10 and 10-20 cm, but occupies mainly the 0-10 cm layer (70 %); that soil fertility is low in all environments studied, with base saturation values below 16 %, since most exchange sites are occupied by aluminum; and that restinga vegetation is edaphic.

Palavras-chave : base saturation; root system; edaphic vegetation.

        · resumo em Português     · texto em Inglês     · Inglês ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons