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Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

On-line version ISSN 1806-9657

Abstract

CASTAMANN, Alfredo; ESCOSTEGUY, Pedro Alexandre Varella; BERRES, Diego  and  ZANELLA, Silas. Diagnosis and recommendation integrated system (DRIS) of soybean seed oil content. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2012, vol.36, n.6, pp.1820-1827. ISSN 1806-9657.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832012000600016.

The Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System (DRIS) can improve interpretations of leaf analysis to determine the nutrient status. Diagnoses by this method require DRIS norms, which are however not known for oil content of soybean seeds. The aims of this study were to establish and test the DRIS method for oil content of soybean seed (maturity group II cultivars). Soybean leaves (207 samples) in the full flowering stage were analyzed for macro and micro-nutrients, and the DRIS was applied to assess the relationship between nutrient ratios and the seed oil content. Samples from experimental and farm field sites of the southernmost Brazilian state Rio Grande do Sul (28° - 29° southern latitude; 52° -53° western longitude) were assessed in two growing seasons (2007/2008 and 2008/2009). The DRIS norms related to seed oil content differed between the studied years. A unique DRIS norm was established for seed oil content higher than 18.68 % based on data of the 2007/2008 growing season. Higher DRIS indices of B, Ca, Mg and S were associated with a higher oil content, while the opposite was found for K, N and P. The DRIS can be used to evaluate the leaf nutrient status of soybean to improve the seed oil content of the crop.

Keywords : nutritional diagnosis; plant nutrition; nutritional balance; Glycine max (L.) Merrill.

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