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Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

versão On-line ISSN 1806-9657

Resumo

OLIVEIRA, Natália Trajano de et al. Effect of Harvest Time and Nitrogen Doses on Cassava Root Yield and Quality. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo [online]. 2017, vol.41, e0150204.  Epub 22-Jun-2017. ISSN 1806-9657.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/18069657rbcs20150204.

Nitrogen is considered the most limiting nutrient for cassava, and N availability can influence the crop cycle, including earlier harvest. The aim of this study was to study the effect of harvest time on the production components of cassava, “Aciolina” cultivar, at different rates of N fertiliser. The experiment was carried out in an area newly incorporated into the productive system in a savannah ecosystem in the northern Amazon. A randomised block experimental design was used in a split plot arrangement with four replications. The N rates (0, 30, 60, 150, and 330 kg ha-1) were allocated to the main plots, and the harvest times (90, 120, 150, 180, 240, 300, and 360 days after emergence of the stalks - DAE) were allocated to the subplots. Plant height, shoot fresh matter yield, number of roots per plant, average root diameter, and root fresh matter yield display an increasing linear response up to 360 DAE in cassava cv. “Aciolina”. For all harvest times, the N rates promote an increase in root fresh matter yield. At 300 and 360 DAE, the root fresh matter and starch yield and the harvest index show a quadratic response as a function of the N level. The greatest efficiency of N topdressing on the production of root fresh matter occurs at 300 DAE, promoting an earlier harvest. At that time, the dose of maximum technical efficiency, 226 kg ha-1 N, results in a yield of 62 Mg ha-1 of root fresh matter, 13 Mg ha-1 of starch, and a harvest index of 81 %.

Palavras-chave : Manihot esculenta; cassava; crop cycle; nitrogen fertiliser; Amazonian savannah.

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