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Cadernos de Pesquisa

versión impresa ISSN 0100-1574

Resumen

GALLO, Silvio. Democratic governmentality and the teaching of Philosophy in contemporary Brazil. Cad. Pesqui. [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.145, pp.48-65. ISSN 0100-1574.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-15742012000100005.

This article takes the concepts of biopower and governmentality as the starting point for an analysis of certain recent Brazilian government documents about the introduction of Philosophy as a subject in secondary school. In the 1980s, this argument centered on Philosophy's so-called criticism and its potential for preparing citizens for a democratic society, was used by the movements aimed to restore democracy in Brazil. This argument appears to have been assimilated by the Brazilian government, because it is stated in the Guidelines and Bases of Education Law, secondary school students should demonstrate knowledge of philosophy "necessary for the exercise of citizenship." The argument also appears in documents such as the PCN and PCN+ (National Curricular Parameters) and OCEM (Curriculum Guidelines for Secondary School) in their chapters on Philosophy. These documents are examined here in the light of governmentality, making explicit how Philosophy is equipped to train young people according to what is understood as a modern democratic society.

Palabras clave : teaching philosophy; higher education; Foucault, Michel.

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