Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
On-line version ISSN 1678-3921
AZEVEDO, Francisco Roberto de and RAMALHO, Francisco de Sousa. Effects of temperature and of the prey defense on the consumption by the predator Supputius cincticeps (Stäl) (Heteroptera:Pentatomidae). Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 1999, vol.34, n.2, pp. 165-171. ISSN 1678-3921. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X1999000200003.
The objective of the research was to determine if the temperature and pray defense affect the consumption and utilization of Tenebrio molitor L. larvae by nymphs of Supputius cincticeps (Stäl). The gross and daily consumptions of T. molitor larvae with and without defense by the predator Supputius cincticeps, and the gross and daily weight gains of the predator were quantified. Effects of the prey defense and temperature on the food consumption by the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th instar nimphs of S. cincticeps were determined. The research was carried out in the Biological Control Unit of the Embrapa-Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Algodão, at Campina Grande, PB, Brazil, at 20, 25, and 30°C, 60±10% RH and 14L:10D photoperiod. The results showed that the gross consumption of T. molitor larvae by S. cincticeps depends on the predator instar and on temperature, on the predator instar and on the prey defense, and on temperature and on the prey defense; the daily consumption of S. cincticeps depends on its instar and on temperature, and on its instar and on the prey defense; and S. cincticeps weight gain depends on its instar, on temperature and on the prey defense. The size of T. molitor larvae works as a defense to attack of S. cincticeps.
Keywords : biological control; nutrition; food intake; food utilization.