Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
On-line version ISSN 1678-3921
ARF, ORIVALDO; RODRIGUES, RICARDO ANTÔNIO FERREIRA; SA, MARCO EUSTÁQUIO DE and CRUSCIOL, CARLOS ALEXANDRE COSTA. Effects of sowing dates on performance of dryland rice cultivars under sprinkler irrigation, in Selvíria, MS, Brazil. Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2000, vol.35, n.10, pp. 1967-1976. ISSN 1678-3921. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2000001000007.
This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of sowing periods on the performance of dryland rice (Oryza sativa L.) (IAC 201, Carajás, Guarani, IAC 202, CNA 7800, CNA 7801, Caiapó, Rio Paranaíba and Araguaia cultivars) under sprinkler irrigation. The seeds were sowed at the beginning of the second fortnight of September, October, November, December, January and February. The experiments were conducted in Selvíria, MS, Brazil, during the agricultural years of 1995/96 and 1996/97. The experimental design used in each sowing was in randomized blocks, with four replications. The irrigation control was done through tensiometer and the water supply was established when the matric potential reached -0.033 MPa, during the reproductive phase and -0.058 MPa, in the other phases. The results showed that CNA 7801, Carajás, IAC 201, CNA 7800, and IAC 202 presented better performance; November sowing reached higher productivity; earlier sowings (September-October) or delayed (February) caused smaller laying indexes; IAC 202, CNA 7800, and CNA 7801 presented absence or lower laying index, in the different sowing times and, in delayed sowing (February) larger whole grain rate was obtained.
Keywords : Oryza sativa; grain; yield components; productivity; quality; layering; upland rice.