Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
On-line version ISSN 1678-3921
MORAIS, Heverly et al. Physiological characteristics and growth of coffee plants grown under shade of pigeonpea and unshaded. Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2003, vol.38, n.10, pp. 1131-1137. ISSN 1678-3921. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2003001000001.
The characterization of shade effects on the physiology of coffee is important to determine optimum levels of radiation and temperature, as well as to subsidize studies on growth of shaded plants aiming at determining the ideal coffee plant architecture that maximizes the capture of the available solar radiation in shaded environments. The objective of this work was to evaluate physiological and growth characteristics of coffee (Coffea arabica L.) shaded with pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.) and under full sun. The low level of incident radiation on the coffee shaded with pigeonpea caused decreases in the photosynthetic rate and transpiration, increased plant height and leaf size, but diminished leaf dry matter. These results indicate that the excess of shade drastically affects the physiology and morphology of C. arabica.
Keywords : Cajanus cajan; Coffea arabica; photosynthesis; transpiration; agroforestry.