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Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0100-204XOn-line version ISSN 1678-3921

Abstract

MONTEIRO, Antonio Carlos; BARBOSA, Claudio Camargo; CORREIA, Antônia do Carmo Barcelos  and  PEREIRA, Gener Tadeu. Growth and sporulation of Verticillium lecanii isolates under different environmental conditions. Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2004, vol.39, n.6, pp.561-565. ISSN 0100-204X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2004000600007.

This research aimed to evaluate the growth and sporulation of two Verticillium lecanii (Zimm.) Viégas isolates cultivated on solid medium with different initial pH values (4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9), exposed to different temperatures (19, 22, 25, 28 and 31ºC) and photoperiods (0, 12 and 24 hours). There was no substantial effect of the initial pH values on growth and sporulation of both isolates twenty days after inoculation, except at pH 4.0 in which the growth was significantly reduced. Absence of light promoted the best growth of JAB 02 (32.70 mm) and JAB 45 (32.67 mm) isolates but there was no effect of photoperiod on sporulation. The best temperatures for growth of JAB 02 were 19, 22 and 25ºC and for JAB 45, 19 and 25ºC. The latter isolate sporulated most at 19 and 22ºC and there was no effect of temperature on sporulation of JAB 02. None of the isolates developed at 31ºC.

Keywords : entomopathogenic fungi; pH; temperature; photoperiod; pest control.

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