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Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0100-204XOn-line version ISSN 1678-3921


PARAIBA, Lourival Costa  and  SAITO, Maria Lúcia. Environmental distribution of the organic contaminants found in sewage sludge. Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2005, vol.40, n.9, pp.853-860. ISSN 0100-204X.

The objective of this work was to present a model of environmental distribution of twenty-nine organic contaminants found in samples of sewage sludge of the sewage treatment plant of Barueri and Suzano SP, Brazil. Sewage sludge is a mixture of organic and inorganic products generated in primary and secondary processes of treatment that can be reused as fertilizer by the agriculture. The modeling of the contaminants distribution was accomplished by means of the level I fugacity model applied to a hypothetical compartmental system constituted by air, water, soil, sediment, aquatic biota and plants. The molecular weight, vapor pressure, water solubility, Henry's constant, octanol-water partition coefficient and soil half-life of each contaminant were used by the model. The bioconcentration factors in aquatic biota, roots, xylem sap, soil sorption coefficient were estimated by expressions that correlate each one of these bioconcentration factors with the octanol-water partition coefficient of the contaminants. The partition coefficients air-water and leaf-air, and the GUS index were calculated and used in this study. The modeling and simulations presented in this work reveal the preferential compartments of the contaminants.

Keywords : fugacity; fertilizer; partition coefficient; bioconcentration factor.

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