Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
Print version ISSN 0100-204X
KIIHL, Tammy Aparecida Manabe and ARIAS, Carlos Alberto Arrabal. Soybean cultivar BR-16-AHAS tolerance to the herbicide imazapyr. Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2008, vol.43, n.8, pp. 1031-1035. ISSN 0100-204X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2008000800012.
The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of the transgenic soybean BR-16-AHAS genetic constitution on the tolerance to the herbicide imazapyr. BR-16-AHAS was crossed with ten other genotypes. The experimental design was a complete randomized block, in a 2x12x3 factorial arrangement, with two sowing periods (winter and summer), twelve crossing groups and three plant positions (upper, mid and lower), with three replicates. The plants were treated with 100 g ha-1 a.i. of imazapyr at the V3/V4 stage. For each position of the plant (upper, mid and lower), the following variables were assessed: number of pods, number of seeds, seed weight, number of seeds per pod and the 100 seeds weight. The effect of the herbicide varied according to the more affected plant position (upper, mid and lower) of each genotype. The use of the same gene ahas of BR-16-AHAS, in various genotypes, results in materials with good tolerance to imazapyr; tolerance levels depend not only on the ahas gene, but also on the presence of other genes.
Keywords : Arabidopsis thaliana; Glycine max; epistasis; genetic transformation.