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Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0100-204XOn-line version ISSN 1678-3921

Abstract

COSTA, Marcelo Marchi et al. RAPD markers for detection soybean rust resistance. Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2008, vol.43, n.12, pp.1733-1739. ISSN 0100-204X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2008001200013.

The objectives of this work were to confirm the PI 459025 inheritance of resistance (Rpp4) to Asian soybean rust pathogen and to detect RAPD markers linked to this resistance gene in soybean populations. Through the cross of the distint parental lines PI 459025 x Coodetec 208, a population was obtained, whose F2 and F2:3 generations had their populations artificially infected and evaluated for the reaction to Phakopsora pachyrhizi, by lesion type classification (RB - resistant and TAN - susceptible). Using the phenotypic results, the bulked segregant analysis was performed and two DNA bulks were obtained from homozygous resistant and homozygous susceptible plants, respectively. Out of the 600 random RAPD primers analyzed, three were identified as polymorphic fragments related to resistance, between contrasting bulks and parents. Through chi-square test, confirmations were obtained for the monogenic inheritance, with complete dominance segregation for resistance to the pathogen, and the 3:1 segregation of band presence for the markers. The three markers are linked to the resistance locus, in repulsion phase, at 5.1, 6.3 and 14.7 cM from it, in the linkage group G, which was confirmed by using the microsatellite marker Satt288. These makers are promising in assisted selection for Asian soybean rust resistance.

Keywords : molecular markers; assisted selection.

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