Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
On-line version ISSN 1678-3921
CAMPOS, Ângela Diniz et al. Induction of systemic resistance to anthracnose in common bean by the avirulent delta race of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum. Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2009, vol.44, n.1, pp. 15-21. ISSN 1678-3921. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2009000100003.
The objectives of this work were to evaluate the potential of the avirulent delta race of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum as a protector against virulent races of this fungus and induce systemic resistance to anthracnose in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). Four common bean cultivars were evaluated for changes in the activities of beta-1,3-glucanase and chitinase at two common bean developmental stages, V2 and R6, three days after the infection with delta race of C. lindemuthianum, in comparison with control applications of water and salicylic acid. The plants were then infected with a spore suspension of 33/95, a virulent C. lindemuthianum patotype and reevaluated five days later for the enzyme activities. Significant increases in the activities of both beta-1,3-glucanase and chitinase were observed after inoculation of inductive fungus at the two evaluation periods, at both plant development stages. The activities of both beta-1,3-glucanase and chitinase varied among cultivars and among plant development stages. A significant correlation was observed between the disease severity and the enzyme activity. The avirulent delta race of C. lindemuthianum reduced the severity of anthracnose on common bean and may have the potential to control the disease.
Keywords : Phaseolus vulgaris; salicylic acid; beta 1,3 glucanase; biocontrol; hydrolytic enzymes; chitinase.