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Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
On-line version ISSN 1678-3921
SILVA, Andréia Cristina da; HIRATA, Edson Kiyoharu and MONQUERO, Patrícia Andréa. Straw yield and cover crop weed suppression in a no tillage system for processing tomato. Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2009, vol.44, n.1, pp.22-28. ISSN 1678-3921. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2009000100004.
The objective of this work was to evaluate the straw yield, the weed suppression, and the effects of cover crop species on processing tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) yield, in no tillage system. The treatments evaluated were Crotalaria juncea, Stizolobium aterrimum, Pennisetum glaucum, C. juncea + P. glaucum, C. juncea + S. aterrimum, P. glaucum + S. aterrimum, spontaneous weed cover, and bare soil. The experimental design was randomized complete blocks with four replicates. The tomato yield was not influenced by cover crops. C. juncea was more competitive than P. glaucum, when intercropped, with larger dry mass accumulation (63%). S. aterrimum had slow initial development and low competitivity with the high weed infestations. P. glaucum and C. juncea, grown alone, together, or with S. aterrimum, had dry matter yield above 20 Mg ha-1 and reduced the emergence and dry matter accumulation of weeds in the processing tomato crop.
Keywords : Lycopersicon esculentum; Crotalaria juncea; Pennisetum glaucum; Stizolobium aterrimum,; soil cover; intercropping systems.