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Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
On-line version ISSN 1678-3921
BARTZ, Marie Luise Carolina et al. Earthworm communities in organic and conventional coffee cultivation. Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2009, vol.44, n.8, pp. 928-933. ISSN 1678-3921. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2009000800019.
The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of organic and conventional coffee crops on biomass, population density and diversity of earthworms, in Lerroville, district of Londrina County, Paraná state, Brazil. Earthworm communities were sampled in three areas with organic coffee cultivation (CO1, CO2 and CO3), two with conventional coffee (CC1 and CC2), and a native forest fragment (MT). The soil of the areas CO1, CC1, and MT was classified as Nitossolo Vermelho (Rhodic Kandiudox), while CO2, CO3, and CC2 were on Latossolo Vermelho (Rhodic Hapludox). Eight samples were taken in each area on two occasions, winter and summer, using the Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility (TSBF) method in the 0-20 cm soil layer. The earthworms were handsorted and preserved in 4% formaldehyde, and were later weighed, counted and identified. The highest earthworm biomass, both in winter and summer, occurred in the CO3 area. For population density, the higher numbers of individuals were found in CO1 and CO3. The highest number of species was identified in the organic cultivation. The adoption of organic practices in coffee cultivation favored the diversity, density and biomass of earthworm communities.
Keywords : biomass; conventional cultivation; diversity; Oligochaeta; organic cultivation; population density.