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Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0100-204X


ROSA, Viviane Gomes Cardoso da; MOREIRA, Maurício Alves; RUDORFF, Bernardo Friedrich Theodor  and  ADAMI, Marcos. Coffee crop yield estimate using an agrometeorological-spectral model. Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2010, vol.45, n.12, pp.1478-1488. ISSN 0100-204X.

The objective of this work was to evaluate an agrometeorological-spectral model to estimate coffee crop yield. Images from the MODIS sensor and meteorological data from the ETA regional weather forecast model were used to provide input variables to the agrometeorological-spectral model, in the South-Southeast region of Minas Gerais State, Brazil, for crop years 2003/2004 to 2007/2008. The input spectral variable of the spectral-agrometeorological model, the leaf area index (LAI), used in the determination of the maximum yield, was estimated with the normalized-difference vegetation index (NDVI) obtained from MODIS images. Other input variables for the model were: meteorological data generated by the ETA model and the soil available water capacity. Comparing the estimated model average crop yield with those from IBGE, it was verified that the relative differences, at regional scale, were: 0.4; 3.0; 5.3; 1.5 and 8.5% for crop years 2003/2004, 2004/2005, 2005/2006, 2006/2007 and 2007/2008, respectively. The agrometeorological-spectral model, based on Doorenbos & Kassan model, was as efficient as the IBGE official model to estimate the coffee crop yield. Furthermore, it was possible to present the spatial variation of coffee crop yield loss and to predict 80% of final yield by the first fortight of February before the harvest

Keywords : Coffea; agricultural statistics; leaf area index; modeling; remote sensing.

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