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Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
versão impressa ISSN 0100-204X
VITTI, André Cesar et al. Nitrogen derived from fertilization and straw for plant cane nutrition. Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2011, vol.46, n.3, pp. 287-293. ISSN 0100-204X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2011000300009.
The objective of this work was to evaluate the recovery, by plant cane, of the nitrogen (15N) from urea and from sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) crop residues - straw and root system - incorporated into the soil. The experiment was settled in 2005/2006 with the sugarcane cultivar SP81 3250. At planting, microplots of 2 m length and 1.5 m width were installed, and N applications were done with 80 kg ha-1 N (urea with 5.05% in 15N atoms) and 14 Mg ha-1 crop residues - 9 Mg ha-1 of sugarcane straw (SS) and 5 Mg ha-1 of root system (RS), labeled with 15N (1.07 and 0.81% in 15N atoms, respectively). The total N accumulation by plants was determined during the crop cycle. Although the N use by shoot from crop residue mineralization (PA and SR) increased significantly over time, this source hardly contributed to crop nutrition. The recovery of the 15N-urea, 15N-SS and 15N-RS by plant cane was 30.3±3.7%, 13.9±4.5% and 6.4±0.9%, respectively, representing 15.9, 4.7 and 1.4% of total nitrogen uptake by shoot.
Palavras-chave : Saccharum; sugarcane; 15N; roots; urea.