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Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira

versão impressa ISSN 0100-204Xversão On-line ISSN 1678-3921

Resumo

PARIZ, Cristiano Magalhães et al. Yield and chemical composition of forage in crop-livestock integration in different sowing time. Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2011, vol.46, n.10, pp.1392-1400. ISSN 0100-204X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2011001000037.

The objective of this work was to evaluate the dry matter yield and chemical composition of forage in crop-livestock integration, according to different sowing dates. A randomized experimental block design in a 4x3 factorial scheme was used, with four forage plants (palisadegrass, Urochloa brizantha; fox millet, Setaria italica; pearl millet, Pennisetum glaucum; and sorghum, Sorghum bicolor) sowed on three dates, in two season (winter/spring and summer/autumn), in succession to soybean. The pearl millet and sorghum produced the highest amount of dry matter in all sowing dates, at both growing seasons and, contrary to palisadegrass and fox millet, it did not reduce the amount of total digestible nutrients. Crude protein levels decreased with the advancement of sowing dates in winter/spring and increased in summer/autumn, except for palisadegrass and pearl millet. Sorghum showed the lowest concentrations of neutral detergent fiber in the second and third sowing dates in winter/spring, and in the first sowing date in summer/autumn. In the second and third sowing dates in winter/spring, sorghum showed the lowest content of acid detergent fiber. In relation to the cell wall components, only the hemicellulose contents did not change in the forages due to sowing dates, at both seasons.

Palavras-chave : Pennisetum glaucum; Setaria italica; Sorghum bicolor; Urochloa brizantha; no-tillage system.

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