Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
Print version ISSN 0100-204X
VIANA, Laura Tillmann et al. Microbial communities in Cerrado soils under native vegetation subjected to prescribed fire and under pasture. Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2011, vol.46, n.12, pp. 1665-1672. ISSN 0100-204X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2011001200012.
The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of fire regimes and vegetation cover on the structure and dynamics of soil microbial communities, through phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analysis. Comparisons were made between native areas with different woody covers ("cerrado stricto sensu" and "campo sujo"), under different fire regimes, and a 20-year-old active palisadegrass pasture in the Central Plateau of Brazil. Microbial biomass was higher in the native plots than in the pasture, and the highest monthly values were observed during the rainy season in the native plots. No significant differences were observed between fire regimes or between communities from the two native vegetation types. However, the principal component (PC) analysis separated the microbial communities by vegetation cover (native x pasture) and season (wet x dry), accounting for 45.8% (PC1 and PC3) and 25.6% (PC2 and PC3), respectively, of the total PLFA variability. Changes in land cover and seasonal rainfall in Cerrado ecosystems have significant effects on the total density of soil microorganisms and on the abundance of microbial groups, especially Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria.
Keywords : land use; microbial diversity; PLFA; savannas; seasonality.