Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
Print version ISSN 0100-204X
CURUK, Sebahattin and MEşE, Ebru. Watermelon transformation with Zucchini yellow mosaic virus coat protein gene and comparison with parental cultivar . Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2012, vol.47, n.1, pp. 66-75. ISSN 0100-204X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2012000100010.
The objective of this work was to transfer Zucchini yellow mosaic virus coat protein (ZYMV-CP) and neomycin phosphotransferase II (NPT II) genes to the watermelon 'Crimson Sweet'(CS) genome, and to compare the transgenic progenies T1 and T2 with the nontransformed parental cultivar for morphological, pomological, growth and yield characteristics. The ZYMV-CP gene was transferred by Agrobacterium tumefaciens. The presence of the gene in transgenic T0, T1 and T2 plants was determined by polymerase chain reaction, and the results were confirmed by Southern blot. Two experiments were performed, one in the winter-spring and the other in the summer-autumn. In both experiments, the hypocotyl length of transgenic seedlings was significantly higher than that of nontransgenic parental ones. In the second experiment, the differences between transgenic and nontransgenic individuals were significant concerning fruit rind thickness, flesh firmness, fruit peduncle length, size of pistil scar, and a* values for fruit stripe or flesh color. Transferring ZYMV-CP gene to CS genome affected only a few characteristics from the 80 evaluated ones. The changes in rind thickness, flesh firmness and flesh color a* values are favorable, while the increase in the size of pistil scar is undesirable. The transgenic watermelon line having ZYMV-CP gene and the parental cultivar CS are very similar.
Keywords : Citrullus lanatus; comparative safety analysis; genetic modification; neomycin phosphotrans-ferase II; nontransgenic watermelon; transgenic watermelon.