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Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0100-204XOn-line version ISSN 1678-3921

Abstract

AQUINO, Gisele Silva de et al. Root system and productivity of sugarcane ratoon associated to different quantities of straw. Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2015, vol.50, n.12, pp.1150-1159. ISSN 0100-204X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2015001200004.

The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of different amounts of straw on the root system and productivity of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum), of first and second ratoons, in an Oxisol. Six treatments were evaluated: 0, 5 (25%), 10 (50%), 15 (75%), and 20 Mg ha-1 (100%) straw and burned sugarcane of the first and second ratoons. 'SP80-1816' sugarcane was used. Root mass at 0.45 and 0.75 m away from the row, and up to 0.60 m deep was evaluated. In the first ratoon, treatments with 50, 75 and 100% straw provided greater root mass up to 0.20-m depth, in comparison to treatments of burned sugarcane, and 0 and 5 Mg ha-1 (25%) straw. The treatments with 50 and 75% straw had 43% higher yields than burned sugarcane (110 Mg ha-1). The treatment with 10 Mg ha-1 straw (50%) was sufficient to provide increased root mass and productivity of sugarcane. The root system and the productivity of sugarcane are favored by the change of burned-sugarcane harvesting system to sugarcane under straw.

Keywords : Saccharum officinarum; biomass; green cane; mechanical harvesting; rooting; straw management; agricultural production.

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