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Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira

versão impressa ISSN 0100-204Xversão On-line ISSN 1678-3921

Resumo

GIACOMELI, Robson et al. Deep tillage and furrow opener seeders for corn cropping in Planosols. Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2016, vol.51, n.3, pp.261-270. ISSN 0100-204X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2016000300008.

The objective this work was to evaluate deep tillage and different furrow opener seeders for growing corn in Planosols. Two experiments were carried out in the field, in two different locations: Santa Maria and Formigueiro, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. A randomized complete block experimental design was used, with four replicates, and treatments of deep tillage (DP) and no-till, using different seed-furrow openers: shank (SH); shank plus furrow accommodation mechanism (SHA); double disk (DD); and notched disk (ND). In Santa Maria, the raised-bed treatment using shank was added (RBS). The following parameters were evaluated: soil bulk density, porosity, and macroporosity; soil penetration resistance (RP); root system distribution; and grain yield. In Formigueiro, the DP, SH, and SHA treatments resulted in lower bulk density and higher soil macroporosity in the 0.05-0.10 and 0,10-0.20-m soil depths. The RP was lower in the DP treatment and in the furrow of the SH treatment until 0.15 m, where roots developed better. Corn grain yield in Planosols is greater when sowing is carried out using raised bed, deep tillage, or no-till using shank in the seeder.

Palavras-chave : Zea mays; soil compaction layer; raised seedbed; shank; crop rotation; no-till.

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