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Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0100-204XOn-line version ISSN 1678-3921

Abstract

CARDOSO, Evaldo Luis et al. Relationship between soils and landscape units in the Pantanal ecosystem, in Brazil. Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2016, vol.51, n.9, pp.1231-1240. ISSN 0100-204X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/s0100-204x2016000900023.

The objective of this work was to evaluate the changes in soils and their chemical attributes under different landscape units in the Pantanal ecosystem, in the Nhecolândia subregion, in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The evaluated landscape units included: SF, semideciduous forest; CE, "cerradão"; CC, "cerrado"/"campo cerrado"; TPE, tropical open grassland with Elionurus muticus; TPA, tropical open grassland with Axonopus purpusii and Andropogon spp.; EP, edge of ponds; and TPL, temporary channels/lowlands. Soil profiles representative of each landscape unit were morphologically described, and chemical attributes were determined in the depths of 0.00-0.05, 0.05-0.10, 0.10-0.15, and 0.15-0.20 m. The soils showed sandy texture, low soil organic matter content, and low cation and anion exchange capacity. The main difference between the evaluated soils was natural fertility, which was higher in the SF, particularly at the surface layers and at the horizons below 2-m depth. Soil chemical quality is able to discriminate the landscape units into three different groups: 1, SF; 2, CE; and 3, CC, TPE, TPA, EP, and TPL.

Keywords : wetland; floristic composition; environmental conservation; landscape funcioning; Pantanal of Nhecolândia; natural systems.

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