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Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira

versão impressa ISSN 0100-204Xversão On-line ISSN 1678-3921

Resumo

GADAGA, Stélio Jorge Castro; ABREU, Mário Sobral de; RESENDE, Mário Lúcio Vilela de  e  RIBEIRO JUNIOR, Pedro Martins. Phosphites for the control of anthracnose in common bean. Pesq. agropec. bras. [online]. 2017, vol.52, n.1, pp.36-44. ISSN 0100-204X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/s0100-204x2017000100005.

The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of phosphites in the protection of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) against anthracnose. Different phosphite formulations were evaluated by quantifying peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase activity, total phenols, and lignin content. The treatments consisted of sprayings, in the V4, R5, and R7 stages, with: the K, Zn, Mn, K+Mn, K+salicyclic acid, and Cu phosphites; salicylic acid; acibenzolar-S-methyl; the fungicide azoxystrobin; besides a control, without sprayings. The area under the disease progress curve was lower in plants that received applications of the K and Mn phosphites, whose values ranged between 74 and 81%, compared with the control. The K, Zn, and K+salicyilic acid phosphites were effective in controlling the disease. In addition, disease severity was lower with the application of the K, Zn, and Mn phosphites than with the control. Enzyme (peroxidases and polyphenol oxidases) activity and levels of soluble phenols were higher in common bean plants treated with the K and Mn phosphites, although no change was detected in the levels of soluble lignin in the same tissue. Phosphite application reduces the severity of the disease, can enhance enzymatic activity, and is an effective alternative for the control of anthracnose in common bean.

Palavras-chave : Colletotrichum limdemuthianum; Phaseolus vulgaris; alternative control; enzymatic activity; phenolic compounds.

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