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Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura

Print version ISSN 0100-2945On-line version ISSN 1806-9967

Abstract

MARTINS, Laesio Pereira; SILVA, Silvanda de Melo; ALVES, Ricardo Elesbão  and  FILGUEIRAS, Heloísa Almeida Cunha. Development of red mombin fruits (Spondias purpurea L.). Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2003, vol.25, n.1, pp.11-14. ISSN 0100-2945.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452003000100005.

The aim of this research was to evaluate the development profile of red mombin fruits. For the evaluation of growth and maturation, open flowers were marked after anthesis and fruits were sampled at regular intervals, and length, diameter, volume, and, fresh and dry weights were measured throughout the development following the growth of the fruits. Red mombin fruit developmental cycle, from anthesis to full ripening, lasted 124 days, characterized by the increase in fresh and dry weights, volume, length, and diameter. The growth period, mainly characterized by the increase in fruit length, had the highest growth rate until approximately 55 days, followed by a lower growth rate period from 55 to 105 days post-anthesis. Fruit maturation, which started when fruit growth rates slowed down, was set around 100 days and fruit ripening was initiated around 119 days post-anthesis.

Keywords : Maturity indexes; physical analysis; fruit phenology.

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