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Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura

Print version ISSN 0100-2945On-line version ISSN 1806-9967

Abstract

LEITE, José Basilio Vieira et al. Plant and branch characteristics of banana genotypes in four production cycles in Belmonte, Bahia state. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2003, vol.25, n.3, pp.443-447. ISSN 0100-2945.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452003000300021.

Fifteen genotypes of banana were evaluated for their performance in the Mata Atlântica ecosystem, at Belmonte city, BA, with no irrigation system. The genotypes, including varieties and hybrids from Embrapa Mandioca e Fruticultura Banana Breeding Program, were as follow: Mysore, Thap Maeo, Caipira, Nam, PV03-76, PV03-44, JV03-15, PA03-22, Pioneira, Prata Anã, Ouro da Mata, Prata, Pacovan, Maçã and Grande Naine. The agronomic traits evaluated in the experiments were: plant height (cm) and diameter of pseudostem (measure at 30 cm above ground) during flowering; number of days from planting to harvest, weight of bunch (kg), number of hands and fingers to bunch and fingers length (cm). The plant spacing was 3,0 m between rows and 2,0 m in the row. Randomized block was used as the experimental design. Each experimental unit consisted of 25 plants, with three replications. Culture conditions followed the standard procedure for the crop. No chemical control of yellow Sigatoca was used. The analysis of the data showed that, based on the parameters evaluated in the experiments, the identification of promising varieties and cultivars could be identified for further recommendation to the growers. Among the selected genotypes, Thap Maeo, Mysore, Caipira, Nam and PV03-76 showed the best results.

Keywords : Musa spp; Bahia State; Mata Atlântica; Litoral Sul; dry conditions; evaluation.

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