Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
Print version ISSN 0100-2945
OLIVEIRA, Visêldo Ribeiro de et al. Genetic variability of provenances and progenies of umbu tree by mixed linear model methodology (REML/BLUP). Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2004, vol.26, n.1, pp. 53-56. ISSN 0100-2945. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452004000100015.
The umbu tree, a native species from the Brazilian semi-arid, is one of the most important genetic resources for fruit production in the region. In the improvement of perennial plant species, the use of the mixed model methodology trough the REML/BLUP (restricted maximum likelihood/best linear unbiased prediction) procedure is an essential feature for selecting individuals based on their predicted genetic additive and genotypic values, at the intra and inter population levels. This procedure is being successfully applied to breeding of several fruit and forest tree species in Brazil. This paper aimed to study the genetic variability, estimating genetic parameters and predicting individual breeding values in the umbu tree, through the REML/BLUP procedure applied in the evaluation of populations and progenies. The trial was set out in a randomized complete block design with 42 progenies arranged as a unbalanced hierarchy within 3 populations. The traits plant height (ALP), biggest canopy diameter (MAC), smallest canopy diameter (MEC), base diameter (DIC) and number of primary branches (NRP) were evaluated. These traits are related to fruit production. The results showed that the greatest part of the genetic variability is concentrated within populations. The heritability coefficients were of the order of 0.08 and 0.14 for the traits MEC and MAC, respectively. Genetic gain estimates with selection of the best ten parents were in the order of 6% and 9% for MEC and MAC, respectively.
Keywords : Spondias tuberosa Arruda; genetic analysis; predicting gain; Anacardeaceae.