Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
Print version ISSN 0100-2945
LENZI, Maurício and ORTH, Afonso Inácio. Characterization of the functional reproductive system of the pink-pepper (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi), in Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2004, vol.26, n.2, pp. 198-201. ISSN 0100-2945. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452004000200004.
Dioecy, as the reproductive system of S. terebinthifolius (Anacardiaceae), was investigated in an area with human interference and in a sandbank area, in the municipal district of Florianópolis, SC. During two reproductive periods the following pollination tests were performed: open pollination and manual cross-pollination have been developed in plants of both sexes, and tests of anemophily, agamospermy and parthenogenesis, accomplished only in female plants. Pollen grains have been germinated in different sucrose concentrations to verify their viability. The pollination treatments that resulted into fruit set were the open pollination, with the greatest average of 45%, and manual cross-pollination, with the greatest average of 56,2%. The other pollination tests did not result in fruit set, showing that the reduced gynoecium of the male flowers is not functional, proving dioecy of the species, neither the species is anemophilic, nor apomitic, and it does not present partenocarpy. The pollen/ovule ratio between a male and a female flower was high (99,267:1), classifying the species as xenogamic.
Keywords : Anacardiaceae; dioecy; pollination; sand-bank.