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Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura

Print version ISSN 0100-2945On-line version ISSN 1806-9967

Abstract

CORREIA, Diva et al. Effect of substrates in the formation of Psidium guajava L. cv. Ogawa rootstocks in root plugs. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2005, vol.27, n.1, pp.88-91. ISSN 0100-2945.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452005000100024.

The formation of guava rootstocks in root plugs was evaluated in differents substrates: vermiculite + vermicompost, carbonized rice hulls + vermicompost, vermicompost + decompose cashewnut tegument, carbonized rice hulls + cattle manure, carbonized rice hulls + vermiculite and dust peel of ripened coconut fruit + decompose leave dust from carnauba palm tree. The experimental design was completely randomized with 6 treatments, 4 replicates and 14 plants per plot. The plant height, stem diameter and number of leaves were measured in three different periods at 60, 90 and 120 days after sowing. Shoot dry matter and root dry matter mass, the facility to remove the seedling from the root plug and substrates aggregation to root were evaluated at 120 days after sowing. The results showed that guava rootstocks with 120 days provided the taller plant height (30.2 cm), stem diameter (5.3 mm), dry matter mass (5.7g), root dry matter mass (3.0 g) and number of leaves (14.5) in the vermiculite + vermicompost substrate. The easiest substrate to take out the rootstocks from the root plug were achieved using vermiculite + vermicompost, vermicompost + decompose cashwewnut tegument, carbonized rice hulls + vermiculite and carbonized rice hulls + cattle manure. It was observed that all the substrates showed excellent results in substrate aggregation.

Keywords : guava; agroindustry waste; inorganic and organic components.

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