Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
Print version ISSN 0100-2945
OLIVEIRA, Paulo Ricardo Dias de; SCOTTON, Danielle Camargo; NISHIMURA, Deborah Sanae and FIGUEIRA, Antonio. Genetic diversity and identification of AFLP markers associated with diseases resistance in grapevine. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2005, vol.27, n.3, pp. 454-457. ISSN 0100-2945. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452005000300027.
The grapevine cultivars A 1976, CG 87746, CNPUV 154-27, Crimson Seedless, Gota de Ouro, Itália, Seyve Villard 12327 and Seyve Villard 12375 were analyzed to establish the genetic relationship and to identify markers associated with resistance to downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola) and powdery mildew (Uncinula necator). The amplified fragment lenght polymorphism (AFLP) analysis comprise the steps of digestion, ligation, preamplification and amplification. The amplified fragments were separeted on a 7% denaturing polyacrylamide gel (7M urea) and silver stained. The similarity was estimated using Jaccard's coefficient and the clustering was estimated by UPGMA. A similarity matrix was generated with a good fit for aggregation (r = 0,84). The clusters corresponded to origin and botany classification of the cultivars. Fifteen markers were associated with resistance, eight for downy mildew and seven for powdery mildew.
Keywords : grapevine; AFLP markers; disease resistance; downy mildew; powdery mildew.