Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
Print version ISSN 0100-2945
DONATO, Sérgio Luiz Rodrigues et al. Behavior of banana varieties and hybrids (Musa spp.), in two production cycle in the southwest of Bahia State. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2006, vol.28, n.1, pp. 139-144. ISSN 0100-2945. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452006000100039.
The objective of this work was to characterize and evaluate the behavior of 13 banana genotypes (varieties and hybrids) AAA, AAAA, AAB and AAAB genomic groups, in two production cycles in southwest Bahia, using relevant phenotypic descriptors for the identification and selection of superior individuals. The Prata Anã and Pacovan (AAB), Grande Naine and Nanicão (AAA) varieties and the hybrids PA42-44, Pacovan Ken, Japira, Preciosa and ST12-31 (AAAB) and Ambrosia, Calipso, Bucaneiro and FHIA02 (AAAA), selected at Embrapa Cassava and Fruit Crops, were evaluated. The experimental design was in random blocks, with 13 treatments, five repetitions, 20 plants per plot, six useful and 3.00 m x 2.00 m spacing. The following characteristics were considered: Plant height, pseudostem perimeter, number of live leaves during flowering and harvest, number of days from planting to flowering and until harvest, bunch and hand weight, number of fruits, weight, length and diameter of fruit. Grande Naine, and Nanicão stood out for the characteristics of bunch and hand weight, number of fruits, fruit weight and length; the FHIA-02 hybrid presented greater fruit diameter in both production cycles and the earliest flowering and harvest in the second cycle; Calipso was the latest for harvest; ST12-31 was the tallest in height; the Prata Anã variety stood out for number of live leaves during flowering and harvest; the Prata type hybrids, PA42-44, Pacovan Ken, Preciosa and Japira, stood out for the parameters related to fruit quality when compared to its genitors Prata Anã and Pacovan, respectively; there was an increment of the parameters that reflected vegetative growth and yield from the first to the second production cycle for all genotypes evaluated.
Keywords : genotypes; triplets; agricultural characters.