Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
versão impressa ISSN 0100-2945
SILVA, Ricardo Alencar da et al. Fruits quality of green dwarf coconut fertirrigation with nitrogen and potassium. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2006, vol.28, n.2, pp.310-313. ISSN 0100-2945. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452006000200035.
Field experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of fertirrigation using nitrogen and potassium on the average weight of coconut and pH, soluble solids content, volume and electrical conductivity of coconut water. The experiment was carried out in a three-year old experimental field of green dwarf coconut (Cocos nucifera) located at Parnamirim, RN between April 2000 and May 2002. A Plan Puebla matrix was used in order to generate experimental groups with different combinations of nitrogen and potassium concentrations within a range of 135 g plant-1 year-1 to 2565 g plant-1 year-1. The statistical design consisted of randomized blocks with four replications. Nitrogen and potassium levels affected the average weight of coconut. The highest weight (2.23 kg) was reached when 881 g of nitrogen plant-1 year-1 and 1689 g of potassium plant-1 year-1 were used. Coconut water volume was also affected by both nutrients, since the maximum volume observed (417.75 mL) was found when 818 g of nitrogen plant-1 year-1 and 1487 g of potassium plant-1 year-1 were tested. Nitrogen and potassium levels also demonstrated a linear effect on the soluble solids content of coconut water, where nitrogen had a negative and potassium a positive effect on it. A negative linear effect was observed between nitrogen concentration and electrical conductivity of coconut water, while it was observed that potassium levels showed a quadratic effect on this same parameter.
Palavras-chave : Cocos nucifera; fertirrigation; coconut water.