Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
Print version ISSN 0100-2945
STUCHI, Eduardo Sanches; ESPINOZA-NUNEZ, Erick; MOURAO FILHO, Francisco de Assis Alves and ORTEGA, Edwin Moisés Marcos. Vegetative growth, yield and fruit quality of four mandarin and hybrid cultivars on four rootstocks. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2008, vol.30, n.3, pp. 741-747. ISSN 0100-2945. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452008000300030.
Plant growth, yield, and fruit quality of 'Swatow' (Citrus reticulata Blanco), 'Ellendale' (C. reticulata x Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck), 'Fortune' (Citrus clementina Hort. ex Tan. x Citrus tangerina Hort. ex Tan.) e 'Nova' [(C. clementina) x (Citrus paradisi Macf. x C. reticulata)] mandarins budded on 'Rangpur' lime (C. limonia Osbeck), 'Swingle' citrumelo (P. trifoliata Raf. x C. paradisi Macf.), 'Orlando' tangelo (C. reticulata Blanco x C. paradisi Macf.), and 'Cleopatra' mandarin (Citrus reshni Hort. ex Tan.) were evaluated, from 2000 to 2006. The experiment was installed in Bebedouro, SP, Brazil, in 1997. Data collected included: annual and total accumulated fruit production in all cultivars for all years (2000-2006), fruit quality in 2005 and 2006 (fruit mass, total soluble solids, total acids, ratio), scion volume, scion trunk diameter, yield efficiency (Kg fruits/m3 scion), and alternate bearing index. Cumulative yield and fruit quality of all cultivars were not influenced by the rootstocks. 'Swingle' citrumelo induced reduced size trees in most of scion cultivars. 'Nova' tangelo has adequate characteristics and potential as a fresh fruit market cultivar. 'Swatow' mandarin had similar fruit quality with those of 'Ponkan' mandarin. 'Ellendale' tangor and 'Fortune' tangerine had low and irregular yield.
Keywords : Citrus; propagation; vigor.