Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
versão impressa ISSN 0100-2945
SOUZA, Eli Regina Barboza de et al. Cagaiteira (Eugenia dysenterica DC.) phenology in Goiás State. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2008, vol.30, n.4, pp. 1009-1014. ISSN 0100-2945. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452008000400028.
The objective of this research was to accompany and to register the phenological behavior of the cagaiteira (Eugenia dysenterica DC.), relating the frequency of the phenophases in four E. dysenterica populations to the climate conditions of the studied period. Three of those populations are located at the Escola de Agronomia e Engenharia de Alimentos, Universidade Federal de Goiás (EA/UFG), in Goiânia, Goiás State (Brazil). A fourth population comprises native E. dysenterica plants, located in the municipality of Senador Canedo, Goiás State. Climatological data were obtained from the first class station at EA/UFG. The studied cagaiteira populations presented the same behavior of the appraised phenophases. The cagaiteira leafing in the studied populations behaves in a continuous way, during the whole year and at greater intensity in the period of total leaf renewal, coinciding with the increase of the relative air humidity and temperature in the months of September and October. The cagaiteira flowering is synchronic o and abundant. The fruiting was smaller in younger plants. The development and maturation of the fruit was fast (30 to 40 days) and coinciding with the start of the rainy season. Older and more developed cagaiteiras (Senador Canedo) presented higher production, some reaching over 2,000 fruits per year.
Palavras-chave : Cerrado fruit tree; phenological patterns; Myrtaceae.