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Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura

versão impressa ISSN 0100-2945versão On-line ISSN 1806-9967

Resumo

BOTELHO, Renato Vasconcelos; MAIA, Aline José; PIRES, Erasmo José Paioli  e  TERRA, Maurilo Monteiro. Effect of garlic extract on bud break of grapevines and in vitro control of causal agent of antracnose (Elsinoe ampelina Shear). Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2009, vol.31, n.1, pp.96-102. ISSN 0100-2945.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452009000100015.

Considering the reduction or elimination of synthetic compounds used in sustainable fruit production systems, this work aimed to search for new alternatives for bud break dormancy and diseases control in grapevines. Single-bud cuttings of grapevines were sprayed with the following treatments: 1) control, 2) 1% SO (soybean oil), 3) 3% GE (garlic extract), 4) 3% GE + 1% SO. After that, the cuttings were kept in a growth chamber (25±2.5ºC) for 56 days. The unique treatment that stimulated sprouting of grapevines cv. Isabel Precoce was 3% GE + 1% S), that reached 35% sprouting, differing statistically from the control (12.5%), 1% SO (17.5%) and 3% GE (15.0%). Probably, the stage of deep endodormancy of buds, after only 90 chilling hours (< 7.0ºC), avoided better results of bud breaks treatments. Three experiments were carried out in vitro, with different garlic extract doses aiming to evaluate the control of the fungus Elsinoe ampelina. In all trials, there were quadratic effects on mycelial growth, without differences between garlic extract treatments, evidencing its fungicide effect, even for the lowest dose of 0.0615% GE.

Palavras-chave : Vitis; grapes; dormancy; sprouting; phytopathology; fungus disease.

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