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Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura

versão impressa ISSN 0100-2945versão On-line ISSN 1806-9967

Resumo

DANELUZ, Simone et al. Propagation of the fig tree 'Roxo de Valinhos' by air layering. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2009, vol.31, n.1, pp.285-290. ISSN 0100-2945.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452009000100041.

The objective of the present work was to study the position of the branch associated to different wounds, substrates and concentrations of indolbutyric acid (IBA) in the rooting of air layering in 'Roxo de Valinhos' fig tree. In the first experiment, air layering was accomplished in the basal, medium portion and apical of the branches in the beginning of the month of March. In the prepare the air layering, different wounds were accomplished: whole ring (rings of three cm of length), two cuts (parallel cuts of three cm of length and a cm of width), a cut (measuring three cm of length and one cm of width) and the witness cut absence. Soon after, it was placed in the place of the treatment, substrate of humidified pinus, wrapped up with transparent plastic and being tied in the extremities, to avoid the humidity loss. After 50 days, the air layering was removed for the evaluation of the percentage of case-hardened and rooted layers and the medium number of roots. Soon after, they were transplanted for bed of sand humidified under nursery constituted of sombrite with 50% of brightness. After 30 days, it was evaluated the percentage of alive, air layering sprouted and the medium number of sprouts. In the second experiment, the air layering was accomplished in the month of April, in the medium portion of the branches, without wound, being applied in the place, different concentrations of IBA (0, 1000, 2000 and 3000 mg L-1) and soon after, they were involved by the following substrate: humidified pinus, humidified sphagnum and the mixture in the proportion 1:1 v/ v. After 60 days, the air layering was removed for the evaluated of the percentage of case-hardened and rooted layers and the medium number of roots. It was concluded that the air layering should be accomplished in the medium portion of the branches, absent of wound, agreements with 1000 mg L-1 of IBA and involved with pinus substrate.

Palavras-chave : Ficus carica L.; cutting and indolbutyric acid.

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