Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
versión impresa ISSN 0100-2945
SOUTO, Rosilene Ferreira et al. Pineapple 'Pérola' chemical characteristics after rot treatment and storage of three temperature. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2010, vol.32, n.1, pp. 047-056. Epub 12-Feb-2010. ISSN 0100-2945. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452010005000017.
The effects of heating the fruits at 40ºC for 24 hours and different storage temperatures (8ºC, 14ºC and 25ºC, at 90% RH) to postharvest conservation of 'Pérola' pineapple fruit, harvested on "pintado" maturation stage. The evaluations were carried at the beginning (day 0), for initial characterization of the fruit and after 1, 5, 9, 13, and 17 days, with the fruit kept under refrigeration were transferred to environmental condition at 25ºC and 75-80% RH and evaluated at the 21, 25, 29 days. It was used an entirely randomized experimental design, in a factorial scheme of 2x3x9, with fruit thermally treated or non-treated fruits, storage at 25ºC, 14ºC, and 8ºC and 9 different evaluation periods. The fruit were evaluated for rottenness and pulp darkening incidence, pulp color and appearance, soluble solids (SS), titratable acidity (AT), soluble and reducer sugars and ascorbic acid content, besides SS/AT ratio. The results indicate that the pulp color became more yellow during the refrigerated period, while the titratable acidity increased. During this period, the SS/AT rate lowered, but increased with the fruit were transfered to the environment, while the soluble and reducer sugars content decreased initially, before stabilizing. The ascorbic acid content had no significant variations, but showed a tendency of increasing. The fruit kept under environmental conditions did not show signs of chilling injury that were observed in the fruits after 8 days at refrigeration, after being taken out to the environmental conditions, with greater intensity in those thermally treated fruits.
Palabras llave : Ananas comosus; storage; internal darkening.