Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
Print version ISSN 0100-2945
SOUSA, Patrícia Ferreira Cunha and GOES, Antonio de. The reaction of sweet oranges as to the resistance of Guignardia citricarpa. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2010, vol.32, n.3, pp.718-725. Epub Aug 20, 2010. ISSN 0100-2945. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452010005000076.
The objective of this research was to determine the variety behavior of sweet oranges as to their resistance to Guignardia citricarpa, a causal agent of citrus black spot (CBS). The tests were conducted in two fields in the cities of Rincão and Tambaú, SP. The seedlings were formed in a nursery located in the Experimental Station of Citriculture (EECB) in Bebedouro, SP. For this, citrus plant buds present in the Active Bank of Citrus Germoplasm (EEBC), were used. The severity of the disease was evaluated by using a grade scale from zero (absence of symptoms) to six (maximum severity). Using this data the disease index (DI) was calculated. In the 2007 harvest, the tests in Rincão showed that only 59 out of the 65 varieties evaluated produced fruit, verifying the absence of the disease symptoms in Castellana, Maçã and Olivelands. In the other varieties, the severity levels vary between 0.35 in Grada, and 3.0 in China SRA-547. In Tambaú, the severity values varied from 0.40 in Cadenera, and 2.46 in Pêra. In 2008, all of the varieties in Rincão showed to be susceptible. The severity levels verified, varied from 0.18 in Belladona and 3.92 in Vera 97. In Tambaú, only the Navelina variety showed no CBS symptoms. Among the plants that flourished, it was observed that the values of severity varied from 0.11 in Tua Mamede and 3.57 in Amares, with the exception of those whose fruits showed to be asymptomatic.
Keywords : Citrus sinensis; Phyllosticta citricarpa; genotypes.