Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
Print version ISSN 0100-2945
BATISTA NETO, Oscar Arnaldo; SILVA, Marcos Botton; GARCIA, Mauro Silveira and SILVA, Alexandre da. Effect of insecticides growth regulators on eggs, larvae and adults of Grapholita molesta (BUSCK) (LEP.: Tortricidae). Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2011, vol.33, n.2, pp. 420-428. Epub June 17, 2011. ISSN 0100-2945. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452011005000068.
The objective of this study were to evaluate the effect of insecticides insect growth regulators (IGR's) on eggs, larvae and adults of G. molesta, in the laboratory. The evaluated insecticides were Lufenuron and Novaluron (4.0g of a.i. 100L-1), Methoxyfenozide and Tebufenozide (9.6g of a.i. 100L-1) and control (distilled water). In application before oviposition, only Methoxyfenozide caused significant mortality of eggs (26.3%) compared to control. The application of insecticides on eggs of different ages (24, 48 and 72 hours) showed variations in mortality of the species regarding the insecticide and time of embryonic development. Only Methoxyfenozide and Novaluron reduced the viability of larvae that emerged from treated eggs, with a maximum of 35.9% and 39.5 of larval viability when applied on eggs of 48-72 hours, respectively. The treatment of apple fruit with insecticides caused significant mortality of larvae, but no differences were observed among insecticides, both for small larvae (average efficiency of 47.2%) and for 3-4rd instar larvae (averaging 45.3%). Lufenuron reduced its efficacy on 3-4rd instar larvae. The ingestion of Lufenuron, Methoxyfenozide, Novaluron and Tebufenozide by adults of G. molesta reduced fecundity and fertility, however the adult longevity was only negatively affected by the ingestion of Methoxyfenozide and Tebufenozide.
Keywords : Lufenuron; Novaluron; Methoxyfenozide; Tebufenozide.