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Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura

versão impressa ISSN 0100-2945

Resumo

DANNER, Moeses Andrigo et al. Genetic dissimilarity among jabuticaba trees native to southwestern Paraná, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2011, vol.33, n.2, pp.517-525.  Epub 15-Jul-2011. ISSN 0100-2945.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452011005000078.

Knowledge on the genetic diversity within and between genotype groups is of great importance for breeding programs. The purpose of this study was to estimate the genetic dissimilarity among 36 native jabuticaba trees (Plinia cauliflora) from five sites in the southwestern region of Paraná, Brazil. Sixteen fruit traits were analyzed, based on multivariate techniques (canonical variables, Tocher and UPGMA), using Mahalanobis' distance as dissimilarity measure. By the techniques of clustering and graphic dispersion, together with the comparison of means, the genetic diversity among native jabuticaba trees was efficiently identified, indicating a high potential of these genotypes for breeding programs. The traits of greatest importance for dissimilarity were percentage of pulp and of skin, which are easily measured. The clustering structure is related to the collection sites and for breeding programs, genotypes from different sites should be crossed to generate progenies to be tested. Genotypes 'CV5' and 'VT3' should be conserved in genebanks, due to its important agronomic traits.

Palavras-chave : Plinia sp.; phenotypic traits; germplasm.

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