Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
versión impresa ISSN 0100-2945
TECCHIO, Marco Antonio; BETTIOL NETO, José Emilio; BARBOSA, Wilson y TUCCI, Maria Luiza Sant'ana. Evolution and perspective of the temperate fruit crops in São Paulo state, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2011, vol.33, n.spe1, pp. 150-157. ISSN 0100-2945. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452011000500018.
This work was carried out to show the current situation of the temperate fruit crops in São Paulo state, Brazil, with an emphasis on grapes, peaches, apples, plums, nectarines and pears crops. Current economic data of crops, major growing regions, main cultivars produced, as well as the new technologies generated by research are presented. Regarding the grape crop, a decrease in the national production as well as in the major growing states was observed. The main grapes growing centers in São Paulo state are presented, highlighting its peculiarities regarding cultivars, cultural crop management and current researches. A trend has been observed toward increasing Niagara Rosada grape growing area rather than the fine table grape cultivars. It was also observed the adoption of cultural practices, aiming to increase productivity, to improve the fruits quality and to reduce manpower necessity. In terms of stone fruits, peaches are the most widely cultivated in São Paulo state, followed by plums and nectarines. Both for stone fruits crop and for apples and pears crops, statistics and comments are presented on the crops evolution as well as the current researches results and the requirements of these fruit crops in São Paulo state, Brazil.
Palabras llave : Temperate fruit crops; economics; diagnosis; cultural management.