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Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura

versão impressa ISSN 0100-2945

Resumo

CHIRINEA, Chrystiane Fráguas et al. Acclimatization and leaf anatomy of micropropagated fig plantlets. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.4, pp.1180-1188. ISSN 0100-2945.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452012000400027.

The survival of micropropagated plants during and after acclimatization is a limiting process to plant establishment. There is little information on how the anatomy of vegetative organs of Ficus carica can be affected by culture conditions and acclimatization. The present research aimed to study the effects of time on culture medium and substrates during the acclimatization of fig tree plantlets produced in vitro, characterizing some leaf anatomy aspects of plantlets cultured in vitro and of fig trees produced in field. Plantlets previously multiplied in vitro were separated and transferred into Wood Plant Medium (WPM) where they were kept for 0, 15, 30, 45 and 60 days. Different substrates were tested and studies on leaf anatomy were performed in order to compare among plantlets grown in vitro, plantlets under 20, 40 and 60 days of acclimatization, and field grown plants. Keeping plantlets for 30 days in WPM allowed better development in Plantmax during acclimatization. Field grown plants presented higher number of stomata, greater epicuticular wax thickness and greater leaf tissue production compared to in vitro ones. The leaf tissues of in vitro plantlets show little differentiation and have great stomata number compared with acclimatized plants, which reduce the number of stomata during the acclimatization process.

Palavras-chave : Ficus carica L.; substrate; stomata; parenchyma.

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